Child labour: The dark side of India(part-1)

Leepa Chakraborty, Agami Kalarab: Are we not ignoring the reality of life by drowning in the world of glory and luxury? Yes, we are doing exactly this, continuously ignoring the darkness behind this shining light.
Whereas, high-rise buildings, motor vehicles, bars, hotels, the glittering rich world filled with luxury; on the other hand, people who are helpless from hunger and disease, live in slum in a shelterless state.
The impact of the poverty had something so profound that it shook the foundations of our economy. Poverty in India impacts children, families and individuals in a variety of different ways through–

* High infant mortality
* Malnutrition
* Child labour
* Lack of education
* Child marriage
Among these Child labour is a very important issue which is a product of poverty. Due to poverty, helplessness and harassment of parents, the children are caught in the morass of child labour.

Article 24

The Constitution of India in the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy prohibits child labour below the age of 14 years in any factory or mine or castle or engaged in any other hazardous employment. … It is a cognizable criminal offence to employ a Child for any work.

But still today, there are 215 million such children under the age of 14, who are living as labourers away from studies and sports and the result is that India has the largest number of child labourers in the world and their condition is getting worse day by day.
But the thing to note is that the matter is not limited only to child labour. Along with this, children are also facing many abominations which have a profound effect on the innocent hearts of children because thousand of children are bought and sold through trafficking from state to state, and country to country. These children are forced into child labour, slavery, child prostitution, etc. The most surprising thing is that they are bought and sold at a lower price than animals.


This is a dark world where nothing but cruelty is seen. Children are used in hazardous industries such as fireworks, matchbox industry, bidi industry, glass, lock making, brass factory, and stone breaking etc. Due to which these children become victims of serious diseases. We cannot even guess their terrible condition, what difficulties do these children have to go through.
These children are made to work for 10 to 12 hours in a day. Sometimes it happens that these children are presented to the owner to repay the loan taken by the parents and their status becomes like a bonded labour. The parents of these children are not able to raise their children, but they give birth to them to make them their source of income.

According to International Labour organization

About 22 thousand child labourers die every year in India. No matter how much food is thrown in the garbage every day from the homes of the rich, while the poor helpless children put their lives on the claim for little food.
Child labour is becoming a challenge not only in our country but in the whole world which is related to lack of consciousness poverty and illiteracy. (To be continued on Monday)

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