Mughal rule: The glory of Savage

Symbolic picture of Guru Gobind singh and his four sons, source-

Gautam Guha, Agami Kalarab: In the late seventeenth century, the city of Anandpur Sahib prospered and grew under the inspired leadership of the Tenth Guru, Siri Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj. Guru’s four young sons, the Sahibzadas, lived with their parents in the city of Anandpur; Baba Ajit Singh, Baba Jujhar Singh, Baba Zorowar Singh and Baba Fateh Singh. They learned the skills of soldier, a saint, a scholar and a statesman at the feet of their glorious father.

After the battle of Chamkaur Sahib in 1695 two sons of Guru Gobind Singh got martyred and younger two sons were imprisoned by mughal armies. In Sarhind, they were imprisoned in a tower that was unbearably cold in deep December. It was a barren cell with no cots or mats- just a pile of straw for comfort. Even though the tension in the air was strong, Baba Fateh Singh laughed out loud. With a mischievous look, he turned his back to the door and scooted through backwards with Zorawar Singh close behind. Wazir Khan ruler of Sirhind was furious when he saw that he had been out-smarted by a seven-year-old boy. When they stood before Wazir Khan, even he was struck with their beauty. He offered to spare their lives if they would convert to Islam. If not, he proclaimed, they would be killed. Baba Zorawar Singh said in a loud voice, “My father is Guru Gobind Singh, my grandfather is Guru Teg Bahadur and my great-grandfather is Guru Hargobind. Death means nothing to me. Our death will fan the flames that will drive all the tyrants from this land.” Their bravery and insolence in court shocked the governor! A large crowd had collected to judge in court to Baba Zorawar Singh and Baba Fateh Singh. Cruel and inhumane Wazir Khan asked them to take Islam but they refused to take the religion of the patriarchal assassin. Wazir Khan got astonished to see their courage. Then he oftenly said if they would released from prison what will they do? They answered- “We’ll be fighting for Khalsapanth till our last breath”. Then angry Wazir Khan told Maulvi to recite the fatwa. The fierce extremist Maulvi ordered the two children to be buried alive. The Sahibzadas were brought to a spot where a wall was being raised. Both of them were made to stand side-by-side. They started reciting Japji while the wall went up brick by brick. When the wall reached their chests, they were again offered life if they would convert to Islam. Lifting his head high, Baba Fateh Singh said, “We shall not give up our faith. We have taken the Amrit of the double-edge sword, so what do we care for death?”

Symbolic picture of Chamkaur battle,

The wall went higher and higher until both Sahibzadas became unconscious. At the tender age of 7 and 9, the two brothers died. Tears flowed from the eyes of the onlookers who watched this tragedy – horrible even for this regime known for persecution. They cried out in dismay, “What cruelty! Who shall answer for this crime!” Mata Gujri breathed her last on hearing the heartbreaking news and a wave of anguish gripped the country as the reports of the martyrdom of the Sahibzadas spread.
He said,”Such a tragedy will not go unnoticed in God’s Court. Like this weed, the Mogul Raj will be uprooted.”

Guru Gobind Singh wrote a beautiful letter to Aurangzeb, known as the Zafarnama which means the “Letter of Victory.” He chastises the Emperor for his cruelty, his falsehood and his deceit; explaining the Sikh code of warfare and exposing Aurangzeb for his corrupt morality.

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