Why Makar Sankranti is celebrated in Indian culture?

Makar sankranti about

Tanima Sapui: Wishing you all happy & prosperous Makar Sankranti.
Poush Sankranti or Makar Sankranti is basically a crop festival which is only celebrated in South Asia. In India it known as Poush Sankranti, Sakrain in Bangladesh, Maghi in Nepal, Thing Yaan in Myanmar. Makar Sankranti is the time when the all festival celebrated around it.
It was celebrated during the ancient times. It’s a festival of celestial significance as the Sun begins its northward journey and enters the signs of Makar (Capricorn) from the tropic of Cancer. And it’s a festival of new beginning. Makar Sankranti is also regarded as Makara Sankranti or Maghi , associated with Surya devata or the solar deity. The festival is observed on the specific solar day in January. This festival is also known as the flying kites festival. Not only this, but the festival has many religious beliefs.

This day is also believed to mark the arrival of spring in India and is a traditional festival. Makara Sankranti is a solar event making one of the few Indian festivals which fall on the same date in the Gregorian calendar every year: 14th January with some exceptions when the festival is celebrate 13th or 15th January.

Significance of Makar Sankranti

This festival is dedicated to the Hindu religious sun God Surya. This significance of Surya is traceable to the Vedic texts, particularly the Gayatri Mantra with the other hymn of Rigveda. According to the Mythology the battle between the devatas and the asuras ended on this day. It is also said that after the battle of Mahabharata Pitamaha Vishma waited for this day to die. Makar Sankranti is regarded as important for spiritual practices and accordingly, people take a holy dip in rivers, especially in Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri. The bathing is believed to result in merit or absolution of past sins.

A shared cultural practices found amongst Hindus of various parts of India making sticky bound sweets particularly from sesame (til) and a sugar base such as jaggery (gur). This type of sweets is a symbolism for being together in peace and joy fullness.

Makar Sankranti festival among India

Makar Sankranti is an remarkable pan- Indian solar festival, known by different names though observed on the same date, sometimes for multiple dates around the Makar Sankranti.

Makara or Makar Sankranti is celebrated in different parts of Indian subcontinent by different names of different customs with some regional variations. It is known as Pedda Panduga in Andhra Pradesh, Makara Sankranti in Karnataka and Maharashtra, Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Magh Bihu in Assam, Magha Mela in parts of central and north India, as Makar Sankranti in the west, Maghara valaku in Kerala, and by other names. In some parts of India, It is believed that a demon was killed in that day. Other integral parts of the festival are fairs or melas, bonfires, dancing, feasts and flying of kites. Makar Sankranti is an auspicious festival hence people donate items for the poor and underprivileged. Some of the items donated are goods, blankets, clothes etc. Makar Sankranti will be celebrated on Wednesday, January 15 ,2020.


In this way Makar Sankranti gives importance to the worship text. In Makar Sankranti different states rituals and festivals mixing up together and it becomes the festival of all Indians. There is also a day to earn virtue by providing charity. Therefore worship, recitation, donation, bathing and kite flying are important on the holly day. And overall Makar Sankranti is a festival celebrated and enjoyed by everyone and this festival spread the massage of new beginning, peace, togetherness and harmony.

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