Gautam Guha, Agami Kalarab: Today 28th May is 137th birth anniversary of great nationalist leader Vinayak Damodar Savarkar. The concocted history of the leftist historians is not enough to discredit the prince of revolutionaries who demanded ‘Purna Swaraj’ when the much celebrated secular icons of India’s Freedom Struggle stood for Home-rule! The great legacy of the Savarkar that survived the ‘cellular torture’ will not surrender to the ‘secular tortue’. Savarkar used the term “Hindutva” to describe “Hinduness” or the “quality of being a Hindu”. Savarkar regarded Hinduism as an ethnic, cultural and political identity. Hindus, according to Savarkar, are those who consider India to be the land in which their ancestors lived, as well as the land in which their religion originated. He advocates the creation of a Hindu state in that sense. Savarkar includes all Indian religions in the term “Hinduism” and outlines his vision of a “Hindu Rashtra“ (Hindu Nation) as “Akhand Bharat” (Undivided India), stretching across the entire Indian subcontinent. He was frequently called:- “We Hindus are bound together not only by the tie of the love we bear to a common fatherland and by the common blood that courses through our veins and keeps our hearts throbbing and our affections warm, but also by the tie of the common homage we pay to our great civilization – our Hindu culture.”
To commemorate this great philosopher, freedom fighter the airport at Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar’s capital was renamed Veer Savarkar International Airport in 2002. One of the commemorative blue plaques affixed on India House fixed by the Historic Building and Monuments Commission for England reads “Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, 1883–1966, Indian patriot and philosopher lived here”. During and after the emergency, few opportunistic political parties and foot-licker historians have been making propaganda and conspiring to derail Veer Savarkar. But few of Mainstream historians of his time like Jadunath Sarkar considered the historiography of Savarkar as biased and inferior. However, with the advantage of hindsight one can say that the view of history that Savarkar held and the narrative he had woven today stands vindicated by the events of history which have unfolded since then. Savarkar’s conception of the history of India as the struggle for survival of an age-old spiritual civilisation has to be treated as a serious framework for viewing the subject. He was also emphatic about certain vital points. He states in his Hindu Pad Padshahi, that while the historic enmity between Radical Islamist aggression and Hindu resistance should not be projected into current normal Hindu-Muslim relations, the lessons from history, however, should not be forgotten. The lessons from history which he brought to the notice of current Hindu society included the rejection of birth-based varna system and body-based honour of women. Thus, Savarkar quotes Chandragupta Maurya: “More than any of you, nominal caste-born Kshatriyas, who bowed your heads to the Milechas, the Greek emperor and his commanders, I, a ‘peerless’ Chandragupta, have a greater claim to being a Kshatriya in as much as with my sword I have completely vanquished those very Milechas in every battlefield.” In this work, Savarkar considers the caste system and the concept of bodily pollution as well as various food taboos as perversions. For him, these are all impediments in attaining sanghatan or union. In an astonishing parallel in his book ‘Thoughts on Pakistan’ (1941), Dr B R Ambedkar comes to a similar conclusion. Calling the caste system and untouchability as phenomena of social stagnation, he terms appeasement of Radical Islamist aggression as a vice similar to social stagnation. Veer Savarkar’s struggle throughout his life was the result of a complete nationalistic thought which brings taught everyone to be proudly known as an Indian, regardless of any race, language, religion, caste or religion. Savarkar’s theory is very relevant in the current social situation, we should study Savarkar’s theories in order to revive Hinduism and to prevent radicalized jihadist mentality.